Tourism - Cities - Karlovac



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Karlovac - CroatiaKarlovac

A town in the region of Pokuplje, near the confluence of the Kupa, the Mreznica, the Korana and the Dobra rivers, 55 km southwest of Zagreb; elevation 112 m; population 59,999. Cultural (theatre, art colony in winter months, Korana Sculpture Park), trade and industrial centre; metal-processing (gas and steam turbines, diesel engines, boilers, pumps, tools), chemical, textile, leather, wood and timber, food (dairy, brewery) and building material (brickworks) industries. Karlovac is located at the intersection of the main roads Zagreb - Karlovac (M11.01, E65, E71), Karlovac - Rijeka (M12, E 65), Karlovac - Senj (M12.3), Karlovac - Zadar (M13.01, E71) and on the railroad Zagreb - Karlovac - Ostarije - Rijeka, i.e. Split, Zadar and Sibenik, respectively.

Karlovac was named after the founder of the fortress and the burg, the Styrian Archduke Karl II Habsburg, the commander of the Croatian Military Border. The construction of Karlovac started on 13th of July, 1579, according to an Italian model (N. Angelini), on the estate of the noble family Zrinski. The shape of a six-pointed star, divided into 24 almost regular blocks with the quadrangular pattern of streets, was based in the spirit of Renaissance conception of the defence and residential space.

Karlovac developed around the Renaissance-style fortified town in the 16th century, between the Kupa and the Korana rivers. The only remains of the fortifications are moats, while the remains of the former old town include ten-odd nice and regular streets with valuable Baroque structures and the central square. Among the sacral buildings, the most prominent are the early Baroque church of the Holy Trinity with the Franciscan monastery and the national shrine of St. Joseph. Other valuable structures include "Zorin Dom", the Town Museum, the Music School and the very well preserved mediaeval fortification Dubovac, today converted into a hotel.

The attractive position of the town on four rivers (the Kupa, the Korana, the Mreznica and the Dobra) and an extremely favourable location in terms of traffic - on the main road from Zagreb to the Adriatic Coast - facilitate the development of tourism, especially transit. The landscaped park Vrbanicev Perivoj and Marmont Alley of plane trees are protected horticultural monuments, and the peat-bog plant community Banski Moravci, east of the town, is set aside as a special biological reserve.

Among cultural and entertainment events and performances in the town, the most important are the Beer Days (at the beginning of autumn), a kind of local variant of the world-famous Oktoberfest in Munich. One should also mentioned pilgrimages to St. Joseph in Dubovac (19th of March), the floral exhibition and fair (at the beginning of June), St. John's Bonfires (at the end of June) and the Karlovac Cultural Days (in October, November and December).

The most important sports and recreational activities are connected with the four rivers of Karlovac (bathing, angling, etc.). The surroundings also offer hunting and hiking opportunities.