A town and river port at the confluence of the
Vuka river into the Danube, 19 km east of Vinkovci, 36 km southeast
of Osijek; elevation 108 m; population 44,639. Economy is based
on farming, viticulture, livestock breeding, textile and food-processing
industry. Vukovar is located on the main road (M7) Osijek Vukovar
Ilok and on the railroad Vinkovci Vukovar.
The largest Croatian town and river port on the
Danube is famous for the heroic battle in the Patriotic War and,
unfortunately, unprecedented devastation to which the town was exposed
over the months. Among a number of attractive buildings, severely
damaged in the recent war, the most interesting are the castle of
the Eltz family (18th c.), Baroque buildings in the centre of the
town, the Franciscan monastery, the parish church of St. James,
the Orthodox church of St. Nicholas, etc. Outside the town, on the
banks of the Danube toward Ilok, is the famous archaeological site,
Vucedol. The ritual vessel called Vucedol Dove is considered the
symbol of Vukovar. Vucedol is also a well-known excursion destination,
frequented by anglers and bathers, especially the beautiful sand
beach on Orlov Otok (Eagle's Island).
Sports and recreational opportunities are provided
at the attractive confluence of the Vuka river into the Danube,
on the promenades along the Danube and maintained beaches. Bathing
is possible in the summer months. Angling is very popular both on
the Vuka and the Danube (catfish, perch, carp, pike, sterlet).